A Complete Introduction to ABS Plastic Molding

Nov 26, 2020

Introduction to ABS Plastic Molding

ABS Plastic molding is the full form of Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene Plastic Molding. Hence ABS is shorter and easier to remember. To understand ABS plastic molding, it is mandatory to recognize the two kinds of plastics.

First, there are thermoplastics and then there are thermoset plastics. They both are complete opposites of each other.  Thermoplastics are the kind of plastics that can be processed again. Even after the introduction of heat initially, you can re-introduce heat and change it again.

Whereas, thermoset plastics, when undergoing heat, change forever i.e. that a chemical reaction due to heat changes the nature of the plastic completely. So once it alters, the original form becomes irretrievable.

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ABS Plastic molding is a thermoplastic polymer. It is non-transparent and carries the qualities of a plastic that can undergo heat while changing every time. This is the kind of plastic that has several and high quality uses different industries due to its durable qualities. It can withstand heat multiple times giving the desired results.

abs plastic molding

The major plus for (acrylonitrile butadiene styrene) ABS injection molding is that it is recyclable. And what makes it more popular is that it is totally customizable. You can easily customize the shape and colors to adjust your choice.

What is ABS Plastic Molding?

It is a widely used opaque thermoplastic which is getting popular day by day due to its widespread use. You can find its implementation in the electronic, automobile, steel, and toy manufacturing industries. Moreover, you can find them incorporated into many consumer products.

ABS plastic molding is the way of engineering plastic molds due to its resilient qualities that absorb heat and impact willingly. ABS thermoplastic is made up of three kinds of polymers.

Construction of ABS Thermoplastic

ABS is a complex plastic form of three polymers. Their names are acrylonitrile, butadiene, and styrene. Each one carries its own significance and features. They form together to combine their individual qualities and present an amalgamation that caters to the needs of injection plastic molding.

Acrylonitrile is an artificial polymer. It formats when propylene and ammonia combine together. This helps incorporate the qualities like chemical opposition and heat constancy into the ABS Plastic thus, making it more resilient.

Butadiene is a production of ethylene from steam vessels. It is basically a byproduct of ethylene production. It helps integrate qualities like durability and bearing power to the ABS thermoplastic.

 Styrene is the last ingredient to make ABS Polymer. It comes to existence via the removal of hydrogen from ethyl benzene. This process is, also known as dehydrogenation. This provides features like firmness and process-ability to ABS plastic.

 All these polymers add features like chemical stability, heat constancy, and durability, bearing power, rigidity, and process- ability to the ABS Plastic. Making it the most desired thermoplastic for injection plastic molding.

 Physical Attributes of ABS Plastics

ABS is a lot stronger than many polymers. Moreover, due to its styrene qualities, it has a glossy formation for the exterior look. Along with being glossy, it has a rubber-like consistency that helps it in achieving strong and durable qualities.

Another added feature that highlights the use of ABS Plastics in injection molding is that it is resistant to a variety of chemical reactions. This means that it is resistant and unchanged by different reactions that chemically induce modification.

Additionally, it is light in weight and easily manageable. You can alter it by changing its color, texture, and much more. It is easy to induce physical modifications to this plastic. Along with external traits, it also showcases the qualities of being flame-resistant in some cases.

It has a very low-temperature threshold for melting which is why it is perfect for injection plastic molding. This makes the transition from the prototype model to the actual product quite smooth. Another added benefit is its inexpensiveness. These are the few physical traits that make ABS plastic widely acceptable for many industrial production purposes.

Production Variety of ABS Plastic Molding

Earlier speculation about the physical attributes of ABS thermoplastic shows that it is lightweight, impact absorbent, chemically stable, and much more durable than any other kind of plastic. So this might not come as a shock that most of our surroundings consist of products made of ABS plastic one way or another.

It is so common that you can instantly find the products that incorporate them. Most commonly, you can find them in the automobile parts and modules. The automobile industry has a lot to say about ABS plastic as most of its mechanical trims are derived from this plastic.

You can also observe them in protective gear for luggage, sports, and even in mobile cases. Another major industry that wholeheartedly involves the use of this plastic is the electronics industry. Often you might have noticed that there are a billion small plastic components that make up the electronics.

Moreover, you can find them in many musical gadgets and even on CDs and disks too. Our daily utensils like keyboards and mice also comprise of ABS Plastic. And more importantly, toys heavily make use of this plastic. Since toys need to be durable due to their extensive and rough use, it is feasible to use this plastic to build them.

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ABS Plastic molding is becoming a widely used material in manufacturing multiple parts in the industrial sector. ABS plastic is so harmonious and compatible with so many industries that you can see it on daily basis including your offices and homes.

 It features qualities like a glossy exterior, strong and durable, chemically resistant, lightweight, and manageable. This makes it more desirable than any other plastic out there in the field. ABS plastic incorporates the qualities of all three; Acrylonitrile, Butadiene, and Styrene.


 This is why it has so many physical attributes that adjust to almost any kind of manufacturing industry. Some major industries include electronics, automobiles, safety gear, and toy manufacturing industries.

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